本記事ではIELTS のライティングTASK2のサンプルエッセイ(解答例)を紹介します。テーマはUnhealthy food に対する課税の是非についてです。
In some countries, an increasing number of people are suffering from health problems due to eating too much unhealthy food. It is, therefore, necessary for governments to impose a higher tax on this kind of food. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?
You should write at least 250 words.
It is absurd that an increasing number of people have adopted unhealthy eating habits after being attracted by the cheap prices of junk food. Under such circumstances, I completely agree with the idea that governments must impose significant taxes on these products because it nudges consumers to alter their diets and additional incomes are necessary for curing an increasing number of patients.
To begin with, fast foods and junk foods must be taxed to discourage consumers from choosing these unhealthy products. This is because people tend to prioritize prices over long-term health concerns. In this context, currently without governmental interventions, healthy food is less likely to win the price competition as natural ingredients cost much more than sugars or artificial flavors. To give you an example, the majority of Japanese students prefer fast food over traditional Japanese meals as the former costs only half the price of the latter. These phenomena have to be tackled by the government as the fast-food industry must not prey on people with poor financial literacy who do not realize unhealthy food eventually costs heavily in the future by damaging their bodies.
Another reason is that the excise duty could be utilized to treat lifestyle-disease patients. This is a suitable way of financing the medical costs because those who feed on junk food are more likely to develop chronic diseases like diabetes. Therefore, it is fair to pass a law that consumers bear more taxes based on their consumption of unhealthy meals. To illustrate this, if a huge hamburger fan pays three dollars every time he purchases a hamburger, it could total a sufficient amount to provide sufficient insulin injections once he has developed diabetes. Overall, governmental funds for lifestyle diseases must be financed by those who are likely to need them.
To summarize, the government must impose significant taxes on harmful foods to prevent people from its excessive consumption. In addition, governmental budgets for lifestyle diseases must be collected from citizens based on the consumption of toxic ingredients.
Alter their diets
Alter はchange の類義語で、食生活の変更の意味になります。
Encourage / nudge / discourage
Nudge はencourage のsynonym として使えます。もともとの意味は肘で他人を軽く突く動作を差します。また、エッセイ中ではEncourage/Nudge のantonym としてdiscourage も使っています。
prioritize prices over long-term health concerns
Prioritize A over B で、BよりもAを優先するの意味になります。和訳は、「長期的な健康への懸念よりも価格を優先する。」となります。
the former costs only half the price of the latter
the former は前者、the latter は後者 の意味です。和訳は、「前者は後者の半分の値段しかしない。」となります。
the excise duty
excise duty はconsumption tax ( 消費税) のsynonym として使っています。例えば、タバコやお酒に対して、通常の消費税に加えて別途税金を追加する際にexcise duty として消費価格に税金が上乗せされる国があります。
It could total a sufficient amount to provide sufficient insulin injections.
本記事ではIELTS TASK2 のサンプルエッセイを紹介しましたが、皆様の学習にお役に立ちましたら嬉しく思います。また、コメントを頂けましたら、解説を増やすこともできますので、お気軽にコメント下さい。