IELTS / TOEFL synonyms vol 1

本記事では、IELTS / TOEFL ライティングで高得点を取得するための類義語 (synonym)を10個紹介します。構成としては左側にフォーマルな英語表現、右側にカジュアルな英語表現となっています。

Myriad / Many 


Myriad definition: a very large number of something


It is often the case in Japan that myriad commuters are packed in a single cabin of the train in the morning.  


A myriad of documents are piled up on my boss’ desk.


A plethora of / too much, too many


Plethora definition : a very large amount of something, especially a larger amount than you need, want, or can deal with.


Some residents in Tokyo are suffering from air pollution caused by a plethora of gasoline-fueled cars.


Grueling / difficult


Grueling definition .. extremely tiring and difficult, and demanding great effort and determinations.


The Japanese government is advancing the Work Style Reform project in order to ameliorate the grueling working conditions.


Contemplate / think about


Contemplate definition…to spend time considering a possible future action, or to consider one particular thing for a long time in a serious and quiet way.


An increasing number of citizens are contemplating immigrating to another country, after the catastrophic natural disaster.


Impecunious / Poor


Impecunious definition … having very little money


Impecunious children have to double their efforts to overtake rich counterparts.


Conundrum / difficult problem


Conundrum definition…a problem that is difficult to deal with.


Reducing carbon emissions is a conundrum to be solved by all the nations.


Recall / remember


After a serious traffic accident, the victim could not recall what happened at the intersection.


Hence / therefore, thus


The COVID-19 pandemic has not subsided to an acceptable level. Hence, Japanese government declared that no viewers are allowed to attend the Tokyo Olympic 2021


Inasmuch as / because


The Japanese consumption tax rate was raised to 10% inasmuch as national debts are bloating and need to be redeemed.


Prosaic / boring, dull


Prosaic… without interest, imagination, and excitement.


Albeit the story was great, the title sounds prosaic.




本記事ではIELTS / TOEFLのライティングに役立つ類義語(synonym )を紹介しましたが、皆様の学習にお役に立ちましたら嬉しく思います。また、コメントを頂ければ、各単語の解説や例文を増やすこともできますので、お気軽にコメント下さい。



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