IELTS ライティング TASK2 サンプルエッセイ(解答例) 例題 5- The necessity of Zoos

本記事ではIELTS のライティングTASK2 のサンプルエッセイ(解答例)を紹介します。トピックは野生動物を動物園やその他の施設に保護する必要性についてです。

1 サンプルエッセイ

Topic:

Some people believe that wild animals should not be kept in zoos or other man-made environments as there is no longer a need for them in the 21st century.

Do you agree or disagree?

You should write at least 250 words.

Essay:

The necessity of zoos continues to be a controversial topic. In my view, zoos are vital to prevent a range of species from extinction, which is caused by the rapid change of the global ecology. Additionally, zoologists have to observe and conduct research on mammals or birds in a suitable facility to devise appropriate solutions when they need support from humans.

To begin with, a myriad of wild animals need to be protected in artificial facilities to reproduce their offspring and maintain their populations. This is because they are facing sudden significant changes in their habitats and cannot survive by themselves. Deforestation, the introduction of alien species, and the dissolving of permafrost are primary factors of endangered endemic species. To give you an example, some pandas are losing their territory of bamboo forests and are starving to death. Under such circumstances, free range zoos and safari parks play a crucial role in preserving them by providing favorable environments for them.

Another reason is that enhanced knowledge of wild animals, which can be accumulated over years of experiments in research institutions, would be beneficial for them. As a first step of protecting wild animals, humans must be familiar with their diets, habits, genes, etc. These insights enable zoologists to provide tailored solutions for injured wild animals. To illustrate this, upon encountering a wolf with a deep gash on his belly, a veterinarian specializing in wolves could let its guard down for diagnosis and cure a damaged organ. However, if wolves had never been researched, no one would have the knowledge to render first aid. Hence, it is prudent to keep a few of them to examine and uncover their nature.

To summarize, I believe some endangered species need to be kept under the custody of humans if they cannot adapt to changing environments by themselves. Additionally, keeping animals in captivity is essential to comprehend them from various perspectives, which can be utilized in protecting them.

 

2 エッセイの構成について

今回のエッセイはDo you agree or disagree ? とトピックに対する自分の意見が問われるタイプとなっているので、主な反対理由2つに絞ってエッセイを構成しています。

Intro

→トピックのパラフレーズと自分の主張の提示。

Body Paragraph

→ main idea : a myriad of wild animals need to be protected in artificial facilities to reproduce their offspring and maintain their populationsと述べ、その理由について説明。

Body Paragraph

→ main idea: enhanced knowledge on wild animals, which can be accumulated over years of experiments in research institutions, would be beneficial for them.と述べ、その理由について説明。

Conclusion

→Body paragraphs のパラフレーズ。

 

3 単語・文法・構文の解説

Synonyms (類義語)の解説

Vital & Essential 

Very important/ necessary の類義語です。「不可欠」という意味で使っています。

Devise

Come up with と同義です。意味は「~を考案する」です。

A myriad of

Many やCountless のFormalな表現です。意味は「数えきれないほどたくさんの」です。

Enhance

Improve のFormalな表現です。意味は「~を改善する。~向上させる。」です。

Gash

Deep cut と同義です。意味は「深い切り傷」です。

Comprehend

Understand something completelyと同義です。意味は「~を完全に理解する。」

 

便利な英語表現

A continues to be a controversial topic

Xは物議を醸すトピックであり続けている

Let one’s guard down

警戒心を解く。

Starve to death

飢え死にする。

Render first aid

応急処置を施す。

Tailored

日本でもテイラーメイドとった表現がありますが、Tailored は「個々人にあった、個別の状況に即した」など色々な場面で使えます。例えば、tailored curriculums for each student で「それぞれの生徒に合った個別カリキュラム」と表現できます。

Under the custody of A

A の保護下で

Zoo関連用語

A free-range zoo

動物が自由に歩き回ることが出来るほど広い動物園。

Breeding programs in captivity

動物の個体数を維持するための繁殖プログラム

Habitat reduction

生息地の縮小

@最後に

本記事ではIELTS  TASK2 のサンプルエッセイを紹介しましたが、皆様の学習にお役に立ちましたら嬉しく思います。また、コメントを頂けましたら、解説を増やすこともできますので、お気軽にコメント下さい。

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