IELTS ライティング TASK2 サンプルエッセイ(解答例) 例題 9 – Should children do scientific experiments ?

本記事ではIELTS のライティングTASK2のサンプルエッセイ(解答例)を紹介します。トピックは小学校の実験は先生が行うかどうかについての理由とその是非についてです。

1 サンプルエッセイ

Topic: Instead of requiring primary school students to do experiments themselves, schools should only allow them to watch experiments demonstrated by teachers.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

You should write at least 250 words.

Essay:

The safety of performing scientific experiments in primary schools continues to be a controversial topic. Some aver that children must not be engaged in any type of experiment. From my perspective, the engagement of youngsters must be restricted to merely observing  experiments if experimental errors could result in harm. However, in other cases, they should conduct experiments by themselves as a hands-on approach is much more inspiring than observation.

To begin with, educators must not allow children to work on perilous experiments by themselves to eschew the risk of fatal accidents. This is because they tend to be naïve and underestimate the consequences of egregious errors. To give you an example, youngsters might ignite highly flammable chemical solutions causing potentially significant damage to themselves and others. Considering the inexperience and unmatured intelligence, it is impossible to ensure that all children will comprehend the entire experimental procedure. Therefore, it is prudent to restrict the engagement of youngsters when experiments could precipitate fatal accidents.

On the other hand, it is beneficial for kids to conduct foolproof experiments by themselves as these activities captivate them and kindle an insight into the natural world. With a chance to touch and smell research objects, they familiarize themselves with the textures and components of animals, fish, plants, etc. To illustrate this, by dissecting a frog, a child can comprehend how tightly and meticulously internal organs are arrayed in its stomach. This experience cannot be replaced by watching a teacher’s demonstration. Thus, conducting experiments is extremely beneficial for kids as long as safety is ensured.

To summarize, I agree with the idea that kids must watch experiments demonstrated by teachers if potentially dangerous chemicals are used. However, for safer ones, they must be given opportunities to perform experiments by themselves for deeper understanding.

 

2 エッセイの構成について

今回のエッセイは小学生が自分で実験を行うかどうかについてTo what extent do you agree or disagree?とその賛否の程度が問われていますの、ボディパラグラフ①で危険な場合は先生だけが実験を行うべきだが、危険でない場合は各生徒が実験を行うべきとボディパラグラフ②で主張していきます。

Intro

→トピックのパラフレーズと自分の主張の提示。

Body Paragraph

→ main idea : educators must not allow children to work on perilous experiments by themselves to eschew the risk of fatal accidentsと先生は人命に関わる事故が起きるリスクを回避するために、危険な実験を子供にやらせるべきではないと主張し、その理由について説明。

Body Paragraph

→ main idea: it is beneficial for kids to conduct foolproof experiments by themselves as these activities captivate them and kindle an insight into researching the natural world..と間違えようがない実験については生徒が各自で行うことで、自然に対する洞察力を育むことが出来ると主張し、その理由について説明。

Conclusion

→Body paragraphs のパラフレーズ。

 

3 単語・文法・構文の解説

Synonyms (類義語)の解説

A range of

Various と同義。意味は「様々な」

Conduct experiments

ConductはDoの類義語。意味は「実験を行う。」

Egregious

Extremely bad mistake と同義。意味は「重大な過失。重大な不備。重大な間違い。」

Perilous

Dangerousの類義語。意味は「危険な」
Eschew

Avoid の類義語。意味は「―を避ける」

Comprehend

Completely understand と同義。意味は「完全に理解する」

Precipitate

Causeの類義語。意味は「―を引き起こす」

 

エッセイに役立つ便利な英語表現

A continues to be a controversial topic

A は物議を醸す話題であり続けている。

From my perspective, / In my opinion,

私の考えでは、

Maintain

Firmly express one’s opinion と同義。意味は「強く主張する」

Aver

Say something is certainly trueと同義。意味は「―は正しいと強く主張する」

I espouse the former ( or the latter )

私は前者(後者)を支持する。Espouse はSupportのFormalな表現。

A hands-on approach

実際に自分で手を動かすアプローチ。

Foolproof

間違えようがない。

Waterproof (防水)と同じ感覚で、Foolproof items はどんな利用者でも間違いなく使える製品。

To summarize,

まとめると、

 

@最後に

本記事ではIELTS  TASK2 のサンプルエッセイを紹介しましたが、皆様の学習にお役に立ちましたら嬉しく思います。また、コメントを頂けましたら、解説を増やすこともできますので、お気軽にコメント下さい。

Thank you

コメントを残す

メールアドレスが公開されることはありません。 * が付いている欄は必須項目です

ABOUT US

Yon.ch
大手監査法人勤務→スイス系の資源商社に転職→スイス本社勤務中に株式投資のキャピタルゲインをもとにアーリーリタイアを決意。現在は日本に帰国して、京都を散策しながらセカンドライフを模索中。