IELTS ライティング タスク2 サンプルエッセイ ( 解答例) 例題 34 – Uniforms

IELTS TASK2 Vol34

本記事ではIELTS のライティングTASK2のサンプルエッセイ(解答例)を紹介します。トピックはユニフォームについてです。

サンプルエッセイ

Topic:

A lot of companies and organisations require employees to wear uniforms. Which kind of jobs are uniforms suitable for? Are there any disadvantages to wearing a uniform to work?

You should write at least 250 words.

Essay:

Many employees must put on designated uniforms for their duties. From my perspective, people who are involved in protecting public security should wear identifiable uniforms. However, uniforms could be harmful in terms of comfort and personal expression.

Public servants in the position of protecting public security need to wear uniforms. As a first step to elicit necessary support from citizens, they need to indicate that they are authentic and on duty. In this context, uniforms work extremely well, as citizen immediately recognize their authorities at a glance. This is the norm among police officers, fire fighters, and paramedics. For example, whenever people in public notice uniformed officers, it is an automatic reaction to check your own behavior. In contrast, if these personnel wore casual clothing, they would have to convince citizens that they are on duty, which could make the difference in thwarting criminal activities or saving people’s lives

On the other hand, wearing uniforms for an entire day often exhausts staff. Uniforms tend to be made with hard materials compared to casual clothing, and this precipitates neck ache, stiff shoulders, etc. Indeed, according to surveys, the majority of employees who must wear uniforms on ordinary days reported that they felt more comfortable and productive on business casual days. Furthermore, some employees want to express their personality by wearing their favorite clothing. They are aware that changing the styles of clothes enables them to give a suitable impression depending on an occasion. For them, wearing a uniform is anathema as it does not allow them to take advantage of a decent visual impression.

To summarize, uniforms are suitable for those engaging in protecting public security. However, it is my opinion that enforcing designated attire has downsides of making people tired and inflexibility of tailoring visual impression.

( 296 words )

エッセイの構成について

Intro

→トピックのパラフレーズと自分の主張の提示。Which kind of jobs are uniforms suitable for? Are there any disadvantages to wearing a uniform to work? と問われているため、どのような職業の人がユニフォームを着るべきか、また、ユニフォームを着るデメリット(複数)について、自分の意見を主張していきます。

Body Paragraph

→ main idea  : Public servants in the position of protecting public security need to wear uniforms.と主張。

その後、Main ideaの内容について、後続の文章で説明を加えていきます。

Body Paragraph

→ main idea 1 : wearing uniforms for an entire day often exhausts staffと主張。

→ main idea 2 : some employees want to express their personality by wearing their favorite clothing.と主張。

その後、Main ideaの内容について、後続の文章で説明を加えていきます。

Conclusion

→Body paragraphs のパラフレーズ。

単語・文法・構文の解説

Synonyms (類義語)

Indicate : 示す ( show, signal )

Personnel : 職員 ( employees, staff )

Anathema : 強い嫌悪感を抱かせるもの (something people hate )

Attire :(主にフォーマルな)服装 ( clothing, clothes)

Key words

Designated uniforms : 指定されたユニフォーム(制服など)

Identifiable : 識別可能な

On duty : 職務中

Public security :公安

Elicit necessary support from citizens: 市民から必要なサポートを引き出す

The norm : 当然のように求められるもの

Thwart criminal activities : 犯罪を阻止する。(Thwart: stop something from happening )

An automatic reaction : 無意識の反応

Casual clothing : カジュアルな服

Business casual day : ビジネスカジュアルの日

Other useful expressions in IELTS Writing TASK2

Contrastingly, : 一方で、

From my perspective, / In my opinion, :私の考えでは、

Maintain  : Firmly express one’s opinion と同義。意味は「強く主張する」

Aver  : Say something is certainly trueと同義。意味は「―は正しいと強く主張する」

I espouse the former ( or the latter ) : 私は前者(後者)を支持する。Espouse はSupportのFormalな表現。

Having said that :  However と同義。意味は「一方で」

On top of that : In addition と同義。意味は「さらに」

Under such circumstances, :こういった状況下では、

@最後に

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