IELTS ライティング TASK2 サンプルエッセイ(解答例) 例題 7 – compulsory subjects in school

本記事ではIELTS のライティングTASK2のサンプルエッセイ(解答例)を紹介します。学校のカリキュラムに必修科目を含めるべきかどうかについてです。

1 サンプルエッセイ

Topic:

Some people think that students in high or secondary school can choose courses freely, others think that courses such as mathematics must be compulsory. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

You should write at least 250 words.

Essay:

Ideal school curriculums for teenagers continue to be a controversial topic. Some maintain that they must incorporate several compulsory subjects, such as mathematics or national history while others aver that teenagers could maximize their potential by choosing the subjects of their interest. In my view, I espouse the latter as current societies need specialists rather than generalists.

On the one hand, traditional curriculums are aimed to produce generalists who are familiar with a range of fundamental matters, which are ensured by incorporating compulsory subjects into school curriculums. This has an edge in producing generalists who work for governments or private conglomerates as these workplaces seek malleable generalists. To give you an example, if a journalist has an intimate knowledge of both liberal arts and science, his boss can develop his career by assigning various interviews with political magnates or prominent scientists. In contrast, if he had been eschewing learning science, his vocational opportunities would be restricted. Overall, compulsory subjects benefit adolescents in the future by nurturing versatile skills.

On the other hand, others argue that modern societies value experts and mandatory subjects must not be a hindrance in developing expertise. Indeed, it is facile for an expert to be employed as a specialist in a business enterprise or receive projects as an individual entrepreneur online. To illustrate this, a prominent psychologist can focus on consultations with his clients using his psychological prowess and no one cares about his mathematical ability. If he was forced to study algebra in school regardless of his antipathy to it, it was merely a torturous experience. This tendency can be observed in various industries, such as programming, stock trading, creative writing, etc.  Therefore, in parallel with the societal shift, modern schools have to consider organizing flexible timetables that encourage adolescents to develop their strengths.

To summarize, it is understandable that traditional curriculums incorporate several fixed subjects to produce generalists. However, I believe emphasis on expertise can be more beneficial in the current society. Hence, school curriculums need to be modified in accordance with this trend.

 

2 エッセイの構成について

今回のエッセイはDiscuss both views and give your own opinion と必修科目の賛否について、両者の視点を提示したうえで自分の意見を述べることが要求されているため、ボディパラグラフ①で必修科目のメリット、ボディパラグラフ②で必修科目のデメリットについて回答していきます。

Intro

→トピックのパラフレーズと自分の主張の提示。

Body Paragraph

→ main idea : traditional curriculums are aimed to produce generalists who are familiar with a range of fundamental mattersと必修科目を設けるメリットを述べ、その理由について説明。

Body Paragraph

→ main idea: that modern societies value experts and mandatory subjects must not be a hindrance in developing expertiseと必修科目は専門性を磨くことの妨げになると述べ、その理由について説明。

Conclusion

→Body paragraphs のパラフレーズと、両者を比較した結果、ボディパラグラフ②の意見を支持すると結論づける。

 

3 単語・文法・構文の解説

Synonyms (類義語)の解説

Maintain

Firmly express one’s opinion と同義。意味は「強く主張する」

Aver

Say something is certainly trueと同義。意味は「―は正しいと強く主張する」

Incorporate

Include のFormalな表現。意味は「―を含む。」

Espouse

Support のFormalな表現。意味は「―を支持する。」

Magnate

A very successful person in an industry と同義。意味は「有力者」

Prominent

Famous の類義語。意味は「有名で重要な」

Facile

Easy のFormalな表現。意味は「簡単にできる

Eschew

Avoidの類義語。意味は「―を避ける」

Prowess

Great ability と同義。意味は「腕前」

 

便利な英語表現

From my perspective

私の考えでは、

A continues to be a controversial topic,

Aは物議を醸すトピックであり続けている。

I espouse the latter

私は後者を支持する。

Versatile

多彩な

 

@最後に

本記事ではIELTS  TASK2 のサンプルエッセイを紹介しましたが、皆様の学習にお役に立ちましたら嬉しく思います。また、コメントを頂けましたら、解説を増やすこともできますので、お気軽にコメント下さい。

 

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