IELTS ライティング TASK2 サンプルエッセイ(解答例) 例題13 – Legal Driving Age

本記事ではIELTS のライティングTASK2のサンプルエッセイ(解答例)を紹介します。トピックは運転免許取得の年齢制限についてです。

1 サンプルエッセイ

Topic:

In many countries, the legal driving age is 18 years old. Some people believe it is the right age to learn how to drive a car, whereas others say that the minimum age should be 25. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

You should write at least 250 words.

Essay:

Cars are essential in one’s daily life and many teenagers look forward to acquiring a driver’s license when they reach legal driving age. Some adults aver that the minimum age must be twenty-five years old citing that mature drivers are safer drivers. On the other hand, others maintain that late teens have to be entitled to drive a car for their work and leisure. I believe the latter must be prioritized.

To begin with, some risk-averse adults tend to claim that it is too dangerous for people in their early twenties to drive a car as traffic accidents could be fatal. This is based on an assumption that young drivers are less compliant with traffic rules and unaware of the potential risk in driving. To give you an example, having come of age, every year a few new adults end up running over innocent pedestrians after drinking too much alcohol.  If the licenses were given a few years later, they might have acquired a more matured attitude towards alcohol and these accidents could have been prevented. Thus, raising legal driving age is a way to reduce traffic accidents.

Nevertheless, others state that changing the current system would significantly restrict twenty somethings as they need a license for their jobs and journeys. Indeed, it is common in many countries that a not insignificant proportion of high school graduates start working in industries where a driver’s license is required. To illustrate this, an adolescent, who wants to be a private tour guide using a car, needs to wait until the legal driving age to initiate his business. If he had to wait until he became twenty-five years old, the prospect would be less than enticing. Overall, a driver’s license is a basic prerequisite for young adults to ensure as many vocational choices as seniors benefit from.

To summarize, it is understandable that some citizens are apprehensive about young motorists in terms of safety. However, in my view, the right to drive has to be given to adolescents as they deserve the same individual rights as other adults.

( 345 words )

 

2 エッセイの構成について

Intro

→トピックのパラフレーズと自分の主張の提示。Discuss both views and give your opinion – 運転免許の取得年齢の引き上げの賛否について述べたうえで、自分の意見を主張する必要があります。

Body Paragraph

→ main idea : it is too dangerous for people in their early twenties to drive a car as traffic accidents could be fatal –交通事故で命を失う可能がありことを踏まえると、20代前半の人が運転をするのは危険すぎる。Main ideaの内容について、後続の文章で説明を加えていきます。

Body Paragraph

→ main idea : changing the current system would significantly restrict twenty somethings as they need a license for their jobs and journeys –  現行の運転免許制度の変更(引き上げ) は仕事や余暇で運転免許を必要とする20代の行動を著しく制限することになる。Main ideaの内容について、後続の文章で説明を加えていきます。

Conclusion

→Body paragraphs のパラフレーズ。

 

3 単語・文法・構文の解説

Synonyms (類義語)

Acquire

Get の類義語。意味「―を取得する」

Twenty somethings

people in their twenties と同義。意味は「20代の人々」

Motorist

Driverと同義。意味は「運転手」

Adolescent

A young personと同義。本文では未成年の意味で使っています。

Key words in this topic

A driver’s license

運転免許所

Risk-averse adults

危険回避型の人。Averseの意味は「―を強く嫌っている」

Be compliant with traffic rules

交通規則を遵守する。

a not insignificant proportion of

少なくはない割合の。(無視できない位の)

Come of age

成人する。

A basic prerequisite

前提条件

less than enticing

魅力的ではない。EnticingはAttractive の類義語。

Other useful expressions in IELTS Writing TASK2

A continues to be a controversial topic

A は物議を醸す話題であり続けている。

From my perspective, / In my opinion,

私の考えでは、

Maintain

Firmly express one’s opinion と同義。意味は「強く主張する」

Aver

Say something is certainly trueと同義。意味は「―は正しいと強く主張する」

To begin with,

Firstly と同義

I espouse the former ( or the latter )

私は前者(後者)を支持する。Espouse はSupportのFormalな表現。

Precipitate

Cause の類義語。意味は「―を引き起こす」

Having said that

However と同義。意味は「一方で」

On top of that

In addition と同義。意味は「さらに」

To summarize,

まとめると、

 

@最後に

本記事ではIELTS  TASK2 のサンプルエッセイを紹介しましたが、皆様の学習にお役に立ちましたら嬉しく思います。また、コメントを頂けましたら、解説を増やすこともできますので、お気軽にコメント下さい。

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