IELTS ライティング TASK2 サンプルエッセイ (解答例) 例題 17 – Sharing Information

本記事ではIELTS のライティングTASK2のサンプルエッセイ(解答例)を紹介します。機密情報の開示ついてです。

1 サンプルエッセイ

Topic:

Some people believe that it is good to share as much information as possible in scientific research, business, and academic world. Others believe that some information is too important or too valuable to be shared freely. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

You should write at least 250 words.

Essay:

The confidentiality of scientific research information continues to be a controversial topic. Some aver that scientific discoveries should be publicized immediately as it accelerates the speed of scientific advancement. Contrastingly, others maintain that some innovative discoveries must be protected to ensure the competitiveness of business enterprises. From my perspective, basic scientific knowledge should be open sourced. Having said that, companies do not need to divulge all of their intellectual assets.

To begin with, sharing information accelerates the development of science and technology. When a new thesis is published by a scientist or an engineer, it can be a building-block for others to develop the idea further. For example, many scientists all over the world have been researching cancer to establish better medical treatments. When a prestigious scientist found out cancer had an immune system similar to a normal healthy cell, it was share with others instantly. This inspired many scientists to move on to the next step, such as researching how cancer’s immune system can be deactivated.

On the other hand, sharing intellectual assets are likely to discourage companies from spending their funds and human resources on research and development because they cannot earn a profit if their competitors use the same knowledge and technology. To illustrate this, many automobile manufacturers revamp their factories again and again in order to assemble parts more precisely and minimize the defective cost. Enhanced assembly methods can be an edge in price competition as long as they are secret to others. Therefore, governments and other relevant authorities must allow companies to protect their proprietary information.

To summarize, sharing information is generally beneficial in terms of advancing technology. Nevertheless, I believe some corporate intellectual properties, which are the source of competitiveness, must be protected to promote increased investment in research and development.

( 299 words )

2 エッセイの構成について

Intro

→トピックのパラフレーズと自分の主張の提示。Discuss both views and give your opinionの設問のため、機密情報の開示のメリット・デメリットを述べたうえで、自分の意見を主張していきます。

Body Paragraph

→ main idea : sharing information accelerates the development of science and technology –情報を共有することは科学技術の発展を加速させると主張。その後、Main ideaの内容について、後続の文章で説明を加えていきます。

Body Paragraph

→ main idea : sharing intellectual assets are likely to discourage companies from spending their funds and human resources on research and development.–  企業の知的財産を共有することは、企業の研究開発への投資意欲を削ぐことになると主張。その後、Main ideaの内容について、後続の文章で説明を加えていきます。

Conclusion

→Body paragraphs のパラフレーズ。

3 単語・文法・構文の解説

Synonyms (類義語)

Prestigious

Very respected and admiredと同義。意味は「名声のある」

Confidential

Secret の類義語。意味は「秘密の」

Key words in this topic

Open Source

オープンソース

A building-block

(何かの)土台となるもの

Minimize the defective cost

仕損費(不良品から発生する費用)を最小限にする。

Research and Development

研究開発費。R&D。

Proprietary information

機密情報

Other useful expressions in IELTS Writing TASK2

A continues to be a controversial topic

A は物議を醸す話題であり続けている。

Contrastingly,

一方で、

From my perspective, / In my opinion,

私の考えでは、

Maintain

Firmly express one’s opinion と同義。意味は「強く主張する」

Aver

Say something is certainly trueと同義。意味は「―は正しいと強く主張する」

To begin with,

Firstly と同義

I espouse the former ( or the latter )

私は前者(後者)を支持する。Espouse はSupportのFormalな表現。

Precipitate

Cause の類義語。意味は「―を引き起こす」

Having said that

However と同義。意味は「一方で」

On top of that

In addition と同義。意味は「さらに」

Under such circumstances,

こういった状況下では、

To summarize,

まとめると、

@最後に

本記事ではIELTS  TASK2 のサンプルエッセイ(解答例) を紹介しましたが、皆様の学習にお役に立ちましたら嬉しく思います。また、コメントを頂けましたら、解説を増やすこともできますので、お気軽にコメント下さい。

コメントを残す

メールアドレスが公開されることはありません。 * が付いている欄は必須項目です

ABOUT US

Yon.ch
大手監査法人勤務→スイス系の資源商社に転職→スイス本社勤務中に株式投資のキャピタルゲインをもとにアーリーリタイアを決意。現在は日本に帰国して、京都を散策しながらセカンドライフを模索中。