IELTS ライティング タスク2 サンプルエッセイ ( 解答例 ) 例題 38 – Part-Time Employment

本記事ではIELTS のライティングTASK2のサンプルエッセイ(解答例)を紹介します。トピックは学生のアルバイトについてです。

サンプルエッセイ

Topic:

In many countries, teenagers are encouraged to find part-time jobs. Some think this is a good development while others disagree. Discuss both sides and give your own opinion.

You should write at least 250 words.

Essay:

(Introduction)

It is my opinion that teenagers should be focused on studying without seeking part-time employment. This essay presents arguments on both sides, but leans in favor of my initial statement.

(Body Paragraph 1)

Looking first at the case of supporting part-time employment; a large number of teenagers who have work experience state that it became a formative experience in realizing what kind of abilities are required by society. In their workplaces, they are treated the same way as more mature employees, and expected to perform the same quality of service. When young staff do not meet this expectation, they receive feedback from their senior colleagues for their improvement. For example, teenage crews at McDonald’s tend to realize the importance of abiding by corporate manuals to ensure the flavor of hamburgers, prompt delivery, and providing a pleasant impression to customers. This experience nudges them to forge a professional mindset and develop useful soft skills.

(Body Paragraph 2)

Turning to the other side of the argument; others argue that teenagers must be focused purely on studying. They believe academic grades in high school have a significant impact on their future careers, and chances of securing stable employment can be enhanced by intense studying. In this context, studying can be considered a wise investment, as a significant portion of one’s lifelong income is earned by permanent jobs rather than part-time jobs. To illustrate this, the latest surveys in Japan discovered that there was a striking correlation between educational history and lifelong salaries. The deciding factor was the level of university, the enrollment of which depends on academic capabilities in teenagehood.

(Conclusion)

The choice is fundamentally between developing occupational skills at in adolescence versus investing in lifelong career opportunities. I believe teenagers should think about their lifelong plan and not develop occupational skills in haste. Therefore, I disagree with the premise that teenagers should seek part-time employment.

( 305 words )

エッセイの構成について

Intro

→トピックのパラフレーズと自分の主張の提示。Discuss both views and give your opinion.と問われているため、学生がアルバイトをするべきか、自分の意見を主張します。

Body Paragraph

→ main idea  : it (work experience) became a formative experience in realizing what kind of abilities are required by societyと主張。

その後、Main ideaの内容について、後続の文章で説明を加えていきます。

Body Paragraph

→ main idea  : teenagers must be focused purely on studyingと主張。

その後、Main ideaの内容について、後続の文章で説明を加えていきます。

Conclusion

→Body paragraphs のパラフレーズ。

単語・文法・構文の解説

Synonyms (類義語)

Seek:探す ( look for )

More mature employees: 成熟した ( older colleagues )

Key words

Part-time employment: アルバイト, パート

A formative experience : 自分を形作る経験、成功体験

Abide by corporate manuals : 会社のマニュアルを遵守する

Forge a professional mindset: 仕事で求められるマインドセットを鍛え上げる

Soft skills : ソフトスキル

Be focused purely on A : A に完全に集中した状態

Academic grades : 学業成績

Lifelong income : 生涯年収

Permanent jobs : 正社員としての仕事

A correlation between A and B : AとBの相関関係

Educational History: 学歴

The deciding factor : 決定要因

Teenagehood : 十代の期間

Other useful expressions in IELTS Writing TASK2

Contrastingly, : 一方で、

From my perspective, / In my opinion, :私の考えでは、

Maintain  : Firmly express one’s opinion と同義。意味は「強く主張する」

Aver  : Say something is certainly trueと同義。意味は「―は正しいと強く主張する」

I espouse the former ( or the latter ) : 私は前者(後者)を支持する。Espouse はSupportのFormalな表現。

Having said that :  However と同義。意味は「一方で」

On top of that : In addition と同義。意味は「さらに」

Under such circumstances, :こういった状況下では、

@最後に

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