IELTS ライティング タスク2 サンプルエッセイ (解答例 ) 例題 33 – Unemployment Benefits

IELTS TASK2 Vol 33

本記事ではIELTS のライティングTASK2のサンプルエッセイ(解答例)を紹介します。トピックは失業手当についてです。

サンプルエッセイ

Topic:

In some countries, governments provide payments for unemployed people.

How does this impact people? Is this a positive or negative development?

You should write at least 250 words.

Essay:

Jobless people in some countries can claim benefits to make ends meet. From my perspective, unemployment benefits reassure a large number of households, and this can be seen as an essential support to realize social equality.

Unemployment benefits reassure jobless people and even salaried employees who have permanent contracts. Modern people are facing a transformation of industry due to the advanced technology, and have concerns with being made redundant and replaced by Al. When unemployment actually falls upon them, grave concerns about reemployment could surge as their experience may no longer be required across the entire industry. Under these circumstances, unemployment benefits kindle hope in people that a basic need shall still be met even in the worst-case scenario. To illustrate this, it is said that unemployment benefits prevent a myriad of Japanese citizen from committing suicide by relieving financial pressure.

Turning to the consequences of these benefits; they are essential to ensure equality for individuals. Modern people often become unable to work due to uncontrollable factors, such as illness, traffic accidents, or bankruptcy of their companies. As luck plays a significant role in one’s personal finance, it is fair to support jobless people using taxes levied by affluent households. Indeed, an increasing number of millionaires are making their fortune from capital gains, which is irrelevant to their labors. For instance, thousands of young Japanese adults have become millionaires by investing in cryptocurrencies and enjoy their lives after early retirement, while many hard-working employees lost their jobs and are struggling to find new jobs because of COVID-19. If left unchecked, this disparity would keep growing until it deprived the majority of people of their dignity.

To summarize, unemployment benefits are vital to countermeasure excessive disparity between the haves and the have nots, and ensure individuals can remain viable members of society. Also, the existence of the system removes financial concerns from a myriad of households.

( 315 words )

エッセイの構成について

Intro

→トピックのパラフレーズと自分の主張の提示。How does this impact people? Is this a positive or negative development? の設問のため、失業手当がどのように人々と社会に影響を与えるかついて、自分の意見を主張していきます。

Body Paragraph

→ main idea  : Unemployment benefits reassure jobless people and even salaried employees who have permanent contracts.と主張。

その後、Main ideaの内容について、後続の文章で説明を加えていきます。

Body Paragraph

→ main idea  : they ( unemployment benefits ) are essential to ensure equality for individuals.と主張。

その後、Main ideaの内容について、後続の文章で説明を加えていきます。

Conclusion

→Body paragraphs のパラフレーズ。

単語・文法・構文の解説

Synonyms (類義語)

A myriad of : たくさんの ( many )

Key words

Jobless people : 無職の人

Make ends meet: かろうじて収支を合わせる

Unemployment benefits: 失業手当

Being made redundant : 余剰人材になる

Reemployment : 再雇用

Kindle hope in people that – : 人々に-という希望を抱かせる

Commit suicide : 自殺をする

Bankruptcy : 倒産

Affluent households : 裕福な家庭

Capital gains : キャピタルゲイン ( 不労所得 )

Cryptocurrency :仮想通貨

Life after early retirement : アーリーリタイア後の生活

If left unchecked, : 放っておくと

Deprive people of their dignity : 人々の尊厳を奪う

Disparity between the haves and have nots : 富を持っている人と持っていない人の格差

Viable members of society : 自分で働き生計を立てられる人々

Other useful expressions in IELTS Writing TASK2

Contrastingly, : 一方で、

From my perspective, / In my opinion, :私の考えでは、

Maintain  : Firmly express one’s opinion と同義。意味は「強く主張する」

Aver  : Say something is certainly trueと同義。意味は「―は正しいと強く主張する」

I espouse the former ( or the latter ) : 私は前者(後者)を支持する。Espouse はSupportのFormalな表現。

Having said that :  However と同義。意味は「一方で」

On top of that : In addition と同義。意味は「さらに」

Under such circumstances, :こういった状況下では、

 

@最後に

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