IELTS ライティング タスク2 サンプルエッセイ (解答例) 例題 27 – Old Buildings

IETLS TASK2 Vol 27

本記事ではIELTS のライティングTASK2のサンプルエッセイ(解答例)を紹介します。トピックは古い建物についてです。

サンプルエッセイ

Topic:

Some people believe that old buildings should be replaced with more modern ones. Other people argue that we should protect old buildings because they have special value. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

You should write at least 250 words.

Essay:

The necessity of preserving old buildings is widely debated. Some maintain that they are irreplaceable due to their sentimental value to local citizens. Contrastingly, others advocate that replacements are vital to endure safety. From my perspective, I espouse the latter as safety comes first in constructions.

The replacement of old buildings causes strong backlash among local residents as they have a sentimental value. These buildings have been integral parts of their lives and, when local people look at them, it rekindles thousands of memories from one’s childhood to adulthood. Under such circumstances, it is understandable that demolishing these buildings is regarded as depriving one’s memories. For example, some articles introduced that urban regeneration in Tokyo triggered severe depression among a group of local citizens. They claimed that they felt isolated in their town, as it bore little resemblance to what they had been.

On the other hand, periodical replacements are necessary in terms of safety. Long standing buildings cannot bear comparison with modern ones in durability. Even if they are properly maintained, it still cannot bridge the gap. This is because modern buildings are designed to meet the rigorous standard of construction and are made of advanced materials, particularly at their foundations. To illustrate this, the majority of Japanese people eschew living in apartments that were constructed more than three decades ago, as they carry the greater risk of fatal injuries in case an earthquake happens. Indeed, old towns reported a substantial number of deceased people in the Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923.

To summarize, it is understandable that replacements of old architecture are disappointing to local citizens. Nevertheless, people must accept it to ensure safety as I believe nothing can be prioritized over safety.

( 271 Words )

エッセイの構成について

Intro

→トピックのパラフレーズと自分の主張の提示。Discuss both these views and give your own opinion. の設問のため、古い建物を新しい建物にリプレイスすべきかどうかについて、自分の意見を主張していきます。

Body Paragraph

→ main idea : The replacement of old buildings causes strong backlash among local residents as they have a sentimental value.と主張。その後、Main ideaの内容について、後続の文章で説明を加えていきます。

Body Paragraph

→periodical replacements are necessary in terms of safetyと主張。その後、Main ideaの内容について、後続の文章で説明を加えていきます。

Conclusion

→Body paragraphs のパラフレーズ。

 

単語・文法・構文の解説

Key words

Sentimental value : 情緒的な価値

Irreplaceable : 取り替えのきかない

Backlash : 強い嫌悪感を伴う反対

Rekindle memories : 記憶を呼び覚ます

Demolish buildings : 建物を破壊する

Urban regeneration: 都市再開発

Bear litter resemblance to A : Aに似ているところがほとんどない

Cannot bear comparison with A : A と比べることは出来ない。(Aの方がはるかに良い)

Bridge the gap : 差を埋める

Carry the risk of fatal injuries : 致死のけがのリスクを伴っている。

Other useful expressions in IELTS Writing TASK2

Contrastingly, : 一方で、

From my perspective, / In my opinion, :私の考えでは、

Maintain  : Firmly express one’s opinion と同義。意味は「強く主張する」

Aver  : Say something is certainly trueと同義。意味は「―は正しいと強く主張する」

To begin with, : Firstly と同義

I espouse the former ( or the latter ) :

私は前者(後者)を支持する。Espouse はSupportのFormalな表現。

Having said that :  However と同義。意味は「一方で」

On top of that : In addition と同義。意味は「さらに」

Under such circumstances, :こういった状況下では、

@最後に

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